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IPC Standard For Printed Circuit PCB Board

Time:2021-06-24 09:58

When manufacturing electronic printed circuit boards, quality standards are very important. Printed circuit boards are often mass-produced, so any failure that prevents a printed circuit board from operating efficiently can affect dozens or even hundreds of boards. Also, when you make any type of purchase, you expect a certain level of quality. Adhering to the IPC Industry Association's standards can help you.
 
What are the IPC standards?
 
This organization was founded in 1957 as a printed circuit research organization. The name was later changed to the Institute for Interconnected and Packaged Electronic Circuits due to the expansion of bare board packaging and electronic components.  In 1999, the name IPC was adopted under the slogan of the Institute of Connected Electronics Industries.
IPC is headquartered in Bannockburn, Illinois, and has offices in the United States and around the world, including India, China, Sweden, and Russia.
 
The American National Standards Institute has designated IPC as a standards development organization. What are IPC standards? They are the most widely accepted specifications for acceptability in the electronics industry. The organization publishes standards for every stage of the electronics development cycle, including design, procurement, assembly, packaging, and more.  IPC currently has more than 300 active standards and a repository of more than 1,000 standards, including but not limited to the following industries
 
Military and Aerospace
Automotive
Information Technology
Industrial equipment
Medical devices and equipment
Telecommunications
 
As a result, the IPC standard is the industry adopted standard for almost all PCB manufacturing steps, from design and production to final electronic assembly. In addition, the organization conducts market research and works on government relations and environmental policy.  IPC drives the electronics industry and works with regulatory agencies around the world.
 
Why are IPC standards important?
 
Producing safe, reliable, high-performance PCB products requires constant attention to detail and quality throughout the manufacturing process. Adhering to IPC standards throughout the process can help companies achieve this goal.
 
Adherence to IPC standards can help companies improve their processes and products in a variety of ways.
Here are four key benefits.
 
*Improved product quality and reliability
 
Adherence to IPC standards throughout the manufacturing process can help companies improve the quality and reliability of their products. Creating better performing, longer-lasting products will help improve a company's competitiveness and profitability, and increase customer satisfaction.
 
IPC standards help improve processes and increase product consistency. When testing PCBs and other products, using IPC standards ensures consistent quality.
*Improve communication
 
Adherence to IPC standards helps improve internal and external communication, ensuring that everyone uses the same terminology and achieves the desired results. Internally, employees who speak the same language can collaborate and make necessary changes to make improvements more easily.  The IPC standard also improves communication with customers, suppliers, regulators and others. Using the same terminology prevents miscommunication, which can lead to production delays and inconsistencies, and can lead to customer dissatisfaction.
 
* Cost reduction
 
The improvements that come with using IPC standards help reduce costs. Improved quality and reduced misinformation can reduce the likelihood of delays and rework.  IPC standards also enable companies to minimize the use of resources and increase efficiency.
 
* Increased reputation and new opportunities
 
Compliance with internationally recognized standards, such as IPC, gives a company immediate credibility. Even if someone knows nothing about your business, when they see that you adhere to IPC standards, they can be assured of your commitment to quality.  IPC standards will improve the quality of your products and enhance your reputation. Ultimately, following these standards will help attract customers and open new doors, making you more competitive.
 
There are various categories of IPC standards.
 
IPC-6012 and IPC-A-600 are the two main guidance documents, also known as performance and inspection documents.  IPC-6012 is the specification and IPC-A-600 is a visual representation of the IPC-6012 document. They both work together.
 
IPC-6012: Qualification and Performance Specification for Rigid Printed Circuit Boards
 
IPC-6012 is a specification that specifies and defines the qualification and performance requirements for the manufacture of rigid printed circuit boards. These requirements apply to single-sided, multilayer, active/passive embedded, HDI, and metal core printed circuit boards.
 
IPC-A-600: Printed Circuit Board Acceptability
 
IPC-A-600 (also known as IPC-600) specifies the acceptance criteria for each product. This document describes the external or internal observable targets on the printed circuit board, acceptable and unacceptable. It represents a visual interpretation of the minimum requirements specified in various printed circuit board specifications, such as the IPC-6010 series.
 
Some of the elements covered by IPC-A-610 include, but are not limited to
 
Heat sink
Soldering
Terminal connections
Component mounting
Chip Assemblies
Termination
Bulk
Fitting Conditions
Some of the basic principles of the IPC-A-610 course are.
Level 1
This applies to general purpose electronics, where the primary requirement is to complete the function of the component. As such, this is considered one of the most lenient categories in terms of allowing for potential defects, and therefore OEMs do not need it.
 
Level 2
This is a very general standard for non-critical components, where long-term reliability is a prerequisite, although this level also allows for a certain degree of imperfection.
 
Level 3
This is the highest standard for more critical PCB components. Therefore, good CEM suppliers will produce products to Level 3 standards. This does entail higher costs, as additional inspection is required and the surface mounter needs to be slowed down to ensure the required placement accuracy. Conversely, it may sometimes be necessary to allow for more waste.
 

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